How much space a person occupies is an object (a measure) of self-determination. It’s a math problem to be solved–making ends meet, paying the bills, balancing the books (getting a zero sum) and staying solvent.

Nulling the void accounts for volume in an expanding universe.

Time exists measurement. When we create a Cartesian, geometric expression (a graph with an x and y axis), the horizontal line from the point of origin (zero) is time, which occupies space. We then measure the quantity that exists (the phenomena to be described and explained) by how much space is occupied (volume).

So (summing the squares), when we “Occupy Wall Street” or say “Taxed Enough Already” it is a geometric expression (a problem to be solved) occupying space over time. (See the article, “Space Invaders” by griffithlighton.)

Occupation of space is a struggle for identity. Just look at Iraq, for example. Who, exactly, is going to be identified with the second-largest oil reserves in the world? It is a measure of volume–the value of existence–occupying your space and mine over time.

In the political-economic dimension, the value of existence is “the rent.”

Like Donald Trump said, we paid big-time rent in Iraq only to abandon the space. If it’s not a space we intended to inhabit, why were we there?

Oil invades everybody’s space. Its volume is so huge (the demand so inelastic) that raising its price effectively raises “the rents.” Effectively, oil is currency–it measures useful value over time, which occupies your space and mine.

When real-estate brokers and dealers sold balloon-mortgage contracts, the detriment is a volume measure that still occupies our time, effectively raising rents, resulting in negative yield. Having pillaged and plundered (on demand, of course), brokers and dealers galloped off with a lot of booty and left us with rents still being paid on unoccupied space (yielding negative) like in Iraq.

You are not likely to control space you do not occupy, and occupation of space over time is essentially a math problem (speed and distance), which (naturally) yields a self-determined product (measuring volume occupying space over time).

F(t,T) = S(t)\times (1+r)^{(T-t)} is a mathematical formula for occupying space over time, and it does a lot of volume. It determines a lot of space and (pre-tending on demand) raises the rents before you know it (because time exists–it yields to–a measurable identity).

F(t,T) = S(t)\times (1+r)^{(T-t)} is a formula for futures contracts, determining the price for forward delivery.

Options and futures are derivative contracts. They derive from fundamental value, like your savings, which is yielding negative against rising rents–the whipsaw effect.

The whipsaw has a lot of different attributions but it comes down to volume–the occupation of space.

Corporations intend to be “too big to fail” because it occupies proprietary space. They can’t fail because they have consolidated the risk–the capacity (the volume) to resist their existence (i.e., failure), and remember, Objectivists argue that resisting the “tendency” to yield to elite power and authority is unnatural.

The worst thing in the world is to commit a crime against nature because, you see, nature doesn’t care about what, or how, you think about it. Its existence is objective.

Being objective, trying to account for “the sky is the limit” valuations (ignoring the consolidation of capital as the direct cause), technicians that do equity-value analyses are asking, “where’s the volume?” (Of course, if you are massively consolidated it doesn’t take much for you to move the market because there is little or no resistance left to counter Newton’s laws of motion.) Since they rely on volume data (lower indicators) to indicate probable trends (intendencies), half of their analyses, if it wasn’t already, is probably wrong.

To be more probably right than wrong, technicians now look at the volume of options and futures contracts (put-call ratios) to indicate intendencies.

(Options, for example, let hedge funds control more volume with less capital. This allows for occupation of more space but with less mass, which indicates that options are used more to manipulate the technicals to derive and pre-tend a risk-pattern than to legitimately predict one. In other words, it’s just a racket–a confidence game, a public nuisance, run by gangsters with Ivy-League degrees.)

If you don’t happen to understand puts and calls then what is your capacity (your space) to determine the risk? Not only that, even if you do know how options and futures work what’s the probability the volume data is not manipulated to front-run the risk and position you for the detriment “on demand” in the dark, banked in the shadows, black-boxed to time the risk and attain the advantage (the nuisance value) of scale (volume).

(Articles on “nuisance value” and “attainment” by griffithlighton can be found on the World Wide Web.)

It’s by no accident that HFTs have attained a nuisance value. They intend to be a nuisance and, because of the volume at high speed, they cannot be allowed to fail. Since, however, it is prone to failure, this is where “the big risk” goes gamma! Compressing the value of time in F(t,T) = S(t)\times (1+r)^{(T-t)} is a formula for busting containment of the risk proportion. This, you see, is the next worst thing in the world and (invoking the picture of The Scream) it’s by no accident the opportunity to renovate the risk and put it to the call of being under new management.