Tag Archives: causal identity

The Efficient and Effective Cause

When white nationalists violently clash with counter-protestors in Virginia, for example, what is the efficient cause? Aristotle said really knowing something is to understand why. A wood table, for example, has an effective identity, which is its useful value. Its … Continue reading

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Financial Phenomenology

The Expectation of Objective Reality In futures markets, there is always the expectation of the unexpected to hedge the risk. (The risk of loss is fully assumed.) While we can imagine an infinite number of possibilities, risk is objectively managed … Continue reading

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